Maps of Islamophobia

 

Map of Islamophobia over Time

This map shows the accumulation of Islamophobic events and incidents over the course of 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017, indicating when and where spikes of activity occur. The scroll bar at the bottom of the map allows you to see where you are in time, pause the map, scroll through time manually, or isolate a moment in time. In the upper right-hand corner of the scroll bar will you find a number followed the word “Selected.” This is the number of events/incidents that appear on the map, which will (unfortunately) increase over time as we keep up-to-date on events/incidents as they unfold in time. We also have an Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Year), an Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Type), and an Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Gender), each of which allow you to click on individual points to learn more about particular incidents and events.


Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Year)

Each orange dot on this map represents an incident or event that reflects Islamophobic attitudes, ranging from instances of harassment and vandalism to national political speech and elections. Click on individual dots to reveal a short description of the event and a source for additional reading. It may be easier to do so if you use the zoom function, which will also enable you to see individual data points in areas with “hot spots,” indicated by deeper and brighter orange dots. You can “grab” the map to move around the country by left clicking your mouse and holding it down. You can view a single year or multiple years by using the click box in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. We also have a map of Islamophobic events and incidents as they accumulate over time, which shows when and where spikes of activity occur, an Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Type), which allows you to filter events/incidents based on their classification, and an Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Gender), which allows you to filter events/incidents based on the gender of the victim(s).


Interactive Map of Islamophobia (By Type)

Each color-coded dot on this map represents an incident or event that reflects Islamophobic attitudes, ranging from instances of harassment and vandalism to national political speech and elections. Click on individual dots to reveal a short description of the event and a source for additional reading. Each pop-up box also indicates the year because this map includes all items from the dataset. It may be easier to click on individual events/incidents if you use the zoom function, which will also enable you to differentiate data points in crowded areas. You can “grab” the map to move around the country by left clicking your mouse and holding it down. You can view a single type of incident/event or multiple types of incidents/events by using the click box in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. There is further description of these categories below. The map includes complete (if not exhaustive) data for 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 (regular updates) as well as partial data from 2011-2013. We also have a map of Islamophobic events and incidents as they accumulate over time, showing when and where spikes of activity occur, and an interactive map layered by year, and an interactive map layered by gender of victim.


Crimes Against People includes incidents in which law enforcement has identified and charged a suspect with a crime, including but not limited to assault, battery, physical harassment, murder, attempted murder, and hate crimes.

Bias Related Incident is a broad category that includes but is not limited to violent attacks in which no suspects have been identified or no charges have been filed, verbal harassment, various forms of discrimination, and hate speech.

Crimes Against Property includes vandalism to public property or to privately held property, such as mosques, community centers, and Muslim-owned businesses.

Public Speech (Political Figures) includes speech acts by public officials (elected or appointment) that single out in negative fashion Islam, American Muslims, or American Muslim communities.

Public Campaigns includes concerted and coordinated efforts by private individuals or organizations to intimidate, defame, or smear Islam or American Muslims, exclude American Muslims from the fabric of local, state, or national public life, or prevent American Muslims and American Muslim communities from pursuing activities that are their right by virtue of residency or citizenship.

Legislation refers to bills and/or laws that target, either explicitly or implicitly, American Muslim communities in discriminatory ways.

Interactive Map by Gender (Of Victim)

Each color-coded dot on this map represents an incident or event that reflects Islamophobic attitudes, ranging from instances of harassment and vandalism to national political speech and elections. As you will see in the legend, the events are color-coded according to the gender of the victim(s). We have included “Transgender” in our coding scheme even though we have no data points in which a transgender Muslim is identified as an individual victim of a hate crime or bias related incident. We made the decision to do so because we surmise that just as in other instances in which transgender people are victims of hateful acts and are afraid to come forward as trans (or at all), there is a good possibility that there are transgender Muslims who are suffering in silence. We would also like to emphasize that incidents/events targeting Muslim women often go unreported as well. On the basis of substantial anecdotal data, it is likely that these hate crimes or bias-related incidents occur on a daily basis and in many different settings, especially for those who wear any kind of headscarf or other covering. These everyday incidents/events are not reflected in our data because they are often not reported to law enforcement or civil right organizations.

Click on individual dots to reveal a short description of the event and a source for additional reading. Each pop-up box also indicates the year because this map includes all items from the dataset. It may be easier to click on individual events/incidents if you use the zoom function, which will also enable you to differentiate data points in crowded areas. You can “grab” the map to move around the country by left clicking your mouse and holding it down. You can view a single layer of incidents/events by using the click box in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. The map includes complete (if not exhaustive) data for 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 (with regular updates) as well as partial data for 2011-2013. We also have a map of Islamophobic events and incidents as they accumulate over time, showing when and where spikes of activity occur, an interactive map layered by year, and an interactive map layered by type of incident.


 

Maps of American Muslim Participation in Public Life

The following maps present data relating to how American Muslim communities have responded to the increasing presence of anti-Muslim hate in American public life over time. This includes a variety of kinds of community outreach, such as open mosque events, “ask a Muslim” events, interfaith initiatives, and public presentations about Islam, that have the express purpose of “humanizing” Muslims for the broader American public. Sometimes community outreach efforts consist of activities that American Muslims do simply because they are striving to be good people—distributing water in Flint, Michigan; opening mosques to shelter people after natural disasters; operating soup kitchens—but in today’s climate these efforts also signify some else. The second set of data also includes instances of American Muslims running for political office, which typically entails a good deal of outreach efforts not expected of candidates from other faiths (or no particular or visible faith), and instances of political outreach, when American Muslims and American Muslim communities seek the support of elected officials.

Taken together, all of these activities, directly or indirectly, “humanize” American Muslims. The data we have gathered and that we present in these maps, when set alongside information about Islamophobia, provides insight into how American Muslims are responding to the presence of anti-Muslim hate in public life.

Countering Islamophobia Over Time

This map illustrates how American Muslim communities have responded to the increasing presence of anti-Muslim hate in American public life over time. Each dot on this map represents something that American Muslim individuals and American Muslim communities have done to counter anti-Muslim attitudes and activity. To illustrate the connection between Islamophobia in public life and American Muslim efforts to counter hate in American life, we include our map of Islamophobic incidents (again) just below. We encourage you to compare the two maps and notice similar patterns.

The scroll bar at the bottom of the map allows you to see where you are in time, pause the map, scroll through time manually, or isolate a moment in time. In the upper right-hand corner of the scroll bar will you find a number followed the word “Selected.” This is the number of events/incidents that appear on the map. We currently have complete (if not exhaustive) information from 2017-2011 and partial data from 2010.

Humanizing Public Life (Over Time)


 

Islamophobia in Public Life (Over Time)


 

Countering Islamophobia (Interactive, By Year)

The following maps, organized by year, set Islamophobic incidents and American Muslim participation in public life side by side. The data we have gathered about American Muslim public participation and that we present here (in green), when set alongside information about Islamophobia (in orange), provides insight into how American Muslims are responding to the presence of anti-Muslim hate in public life. As the counter to the right of the map suggests, this is the minimum amount of such work that American Muslims have undertaken, representing only activities that have received media coverage.

Click on individual dots in each map to reveal a short description of the event and a source for additional reading. It may be easier to click on individual events/incidents if you use the zoom function, which will also enable you to differentiate data points in crowded areas. You can “grab” the map to move around the country by left clicking your mouse and holding it down. You can view a single layer of incidents/events by using the click box in the upper left-hand corner of the screen. The maps include complete (if not exhaustive) data for 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 (with regular updates).

 

Countering Islamophobia (2017)


 

Countering Islamophobia (2016)


 

Countering Islamophobia (2015)


 

Countering Islamophobia (2014)


 

Countering Islamophobia (Interactive, By Type of Activity)

This map shows the great variety of activities in which American Muslims engage every day that has the effect of humanizing Muslims and Islam for the broader American public. As the counter to the right of the map suggests, this is the minimum amount of such work that American Muslims have undertaken, representing only activities that have received media coverage. Be sure to scroll through counters to see all the categories.